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Ingredients: Aqua, L-Ascorbic Acid (Vitamin C), Tranexamic Acid, Alpha-Arbutin, Tocopheryl Acetate (Vitamin E), Aloe Vera Leaf Juice, Dimethyl Sulfone (MSM), Ferulic Acid, Glycerin, Jojoba Oil, Gotu Kola Extract, Green Tea Extract, Arginine, Acrylates/C10-30 alkyl acrylate Crosspolymer, Phenoxyethanol, Ethylhexylglycerin.

 

Aqua

Aqua (also simply known as water) is the most frequently used ingredient. Water’s primary function in skin care formulas is as a solvent.


L-Ascorbic Acid (Vitamin C)

Ascorbic acid - also known as L-ascorbic acid - has the most research of any form of vitamin C when it comes to skin, and in fact is the most abundant naturally occurring antioxidant in our skin. Helps combat free radical damage and discoloration.


Tranexamic Acid

Tranexamic acid is a synthetic amino acid derived from lysine. Topically applied, it works by interrupting at least two pathways in the skin to prevent and combat discolorations (e.g. dark spots, brown/gray patches). It is even suitable for melasma-prone skin. It acts as an amazing companion to vitamin C.


Alpha-Arbutin

Alpha-arbutin is a plant-derived or synthetic ingredient that helps to brighten, fade discolorations, protect skin from oxidative stress and promote a more even skin tone. It is made from hydroquinone and the alpha form of the sugar molecule, glucose.


Tocopheryl Acetate (Vitamin E)

Tocopheryl acetate is one of many types of vitamin E. Like other forms of vitamin E, it offers significant antioxidant benefits for skin. This includes defending skin from pollution and other environmental stressors.


Aloe Barbadensis Leaf Juice 

Aloe barbadensis leaf juice is the juice extracted from the leaves of the aloe plant. It is commonly used for its soothing properties and skin-calming effects. Aloe barbadensis leaf juice is also used as a film former, humectant, and skin-conditioning agent (emollient).


Dimethyl Sulfone (MSM)

A pure sulphur compound. Helps maintain optimum collagen production to keep skin barrier healthy. 


Ferulic Acid

Ferulic acid is a phenolic antioxidant (a type that intercepts damaging hydrogen radicals). Research has shown that it provides its own benefits to skin while also enhancing the stability of other antioxidants, such as vitamins C and E, when paired with them.

Research also indicates that it has the ability to inhibit certain triggers of skin discolorations. In general, it also helps defend skin against environmental assault.


Glycerin 

Glycerin is a skin-replenishing and skin-restoring humectant, meaning it is a substance found naturally in skin, helping to establish normal balance and hydration. It’s one of the many substances in skin that helps maintain a healthy look and feel, defending against dryness and working to maintain skin’s moisture level. Essentially, glycerin is a master at hydration, and works best when combined with other replenishing and emollient ingredients.


Jojoba Oil

Jojoba seed oil is a non-fragrant emollient extracted from the seeds of a perennial shrub. It has been shown to enhance skin’s restorative properties and can also provide topical skin-soothing benefits. Jojoba seed oil is a rich source of numerous fatty acids and antioxidants.


Gotu Kola Extract

Gotu Kola is a perennial herb that grows primarily in Asia. For years, it’s had both culinary and medicinal uses. It has multiple benefits for skin thanks to its active compounds, including madecassoside, which serves as an antioxidant. Gotu Kola has been shown to have potent antioxidant properties and to be a rich source of amino acids, and there’s additional research showing that it’s a good hydrating ingredient to soothe upset or compromised skin.


Green Tea Extract

Green tea leaf extract is a rich source of antioxidants and a welcome addition to any skin care product. Various studies have found green tea extract to have multiple positive aspects, including soothing properties. As an antioxidant, it has free-radical scavenging capabilities.


Arginine

Arginine is an amino acid naturally present in the body, considered essential to human development. As a skin care ingredient, it delivers antioxidant benefits and plays a role in repairing visible skin damage. Additionally, arginine’s hydration properties have been studied in depth. This essential amino acid plays a key role in skin’s natural production of replenishing substances such as proline and urea.


Acrylates/C10-30 alkyl acrylate Crosspolymer

Acrylates/C10-30 alkyl acrylate crosspolymer is a synthetic ingredient used to enhance the texture and perceived feel of many types of skin care and hair care products.


Phenoxyethanol

Phenoxyethanol is a widely used synthetic preservative with global approval for use in rinse-off or leave-on cosmetic products.


Ethylhexylglycerin

Ethylhexylglycerin is a synthetic skin-softening agent. Ethylhexylglycerin is used as a preservative and carrier/suspending agent that boosts the efficacy of other preservatives such as phenoxyethanol. It has been shown to have mild humectant properties leading to improved skin hydration without a sticky feel.